New Bright Carbon Fiber Products Co.,Ltd

New Bright Carbon Fiber Products Co.,Ltd

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knowledge about kevlar

Author : Date : 8/18/2013 9:26:54 PM
WHAT'S KEVLAR?
Kevlar is a material formed by combining para-phenylenediamine and terephthaloyl chloride. Aromatic polyamide (aramid) threads are the result. They are further refined, by dissolving the threads and spinning them into regular fibres. When woven, Kevlar forms a strong and flexible material. If layers of the woven Kevlar are combined with layers of resin, the resulting ‘rigid’ material is light and has twenty times the strength of steel. It is also superior to specialist metal alloys. However, Kevlar is expensive due to the demands of the manufacturing process and the need for specialist equipment.
 
There are three main types of Kevlar.
1. Kevlar is used as a reinforcement material for some car tires and bicycle tires. It helps dramatically reduce puncture rates.
This standard of tire is more expensive than ordinary road tires. They are of particular use with 4 x 4 vehicles, especially when the vehicle is being used off road and far away from recovery services.

2. Kevlar 29 is used in the manufacture of body armour (panels) for lightweight military vehicles. A good example is the US Army’s ‘Bradley Fighting Vehicle’. This has been used extensively in Iraq and Afghanistan. Kevlar 29 was selected for its armour, because it is lightweight and withstands attack from RPGs. The Kevlar 29 panels protect the soldiers inside the vehicle.

Kevlar 29 is ideal because it is lightweight and non-flammable and it offers protection from high temperatures (fire bombs, Molotov cocktails etc...). Kevlar 29 can also withstand the harsh environmental conditions, found in hot climates.
  
3. Kevlar 49 is used for specialist boat hulls and in the aerospace industry. It is popular as a material for boats because it is lightweight and can withstand a considerable amount of force (torque - twisting force), tensile stress and impact. Hulls manufactured from traditional materials, such as fiberglass, are limited in their resistance to forces and stress. Also, a lightweight boat is faster on the water and uses less fuel to complete distances.

Eurofighter is relatively light compared to other similar fighter jets, due to the selection of Kevlar 49 as a material in its manufacture. This means that it can fly faster and further, before in-flight refuelling is needed. It is more agile than its rivals due to excellent force (torque - twisting force) and tensile stress resistance. The plane is more likely to survive being hit by small arms fire, compared to other fighter planes, as Kevlar 49 has excellent impact resistance.
 
 
FURTHER ADVANTAGES OF USING KEVLAR
Kevlar has a range of advantages, not only its relative low weight and high strength:
Laminated Kevlar is very stable at high temperatures and it is impact and scratch resistant.
Kevlar is often combined with other materials, to produce textiles with enhanced properties, such as fire resistant clothing for the Fire Services.
Kevlar is used in some quality walking boots because it is waterproof (when combined with other materials as a composite) but also breathable, ensuring comfort.

When Kevlar is used as a composite with rubber, it retains its flexibility. This composite material is used in the manufacture of Formula One Racing Car petrol tanks. The tank holds the petrol safely, even in the event of an accident. The material cannot be pieced by other car components, even during a high speed impact. The petrol does not escape / leak, avoiding fire and explosions. The lightweight tank, adds to the reduced weight of the entire vehicle, leading to a faster racing car.
 
DISADVANTAGES OF KEVLAR
Kevlar textiles tend to absorb moisture. It must be combined with moisture resistant materials, if there is a need for moisture resistance as a physical property. Consequently, very few general cloths are manufactured with Kevlar.
Kevlar reacts well under a tensile force (stretching force) but badly under a compressive force. It is not used where compression resistance is needed, such as bridge building or the structure of a building.
It is difficult to cut and shape, unless through the use of special tools and equipment. Laminated Kevlar is also difficult to machine and consequently special cutters are required. Special cutting techniques were developed to enable the manufacture of Kevlar parts, for the Eurofighter.
Kevlar reacts badly to UV light (sunlight) unless it is protected / hidden from direct sunlight.
Kevlar suffers some corrosion if exposed to chlorine.

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